Keyhan (Universe) newspaper was founded in Tehran, in 1943, by Dr. Mostafa Mesbahzadeh. In 1980, the new Islamic government seized Keyhan, as part of Mesbahzadeh’s personal property, since he was a senator under the Shah’s monarchy. Prior to the 1979 revolution, Keyhan also published from a UK branch, which allowed Mesbahzadeh, who had immigrated to England in 1977, to continue publication solely from England and independent from the Keyhan newspaper published in Iran. The pro-monarchy newspaper, downsized to publishing only once a week, was named Keyhan London and published its first edition on June 1st, 1984. Keyhan London states that its mission is to “connect the Iranians displaced throughout the worlds’ five continents, making them aware of both what is going on in Iran and all other news relating to Iran.” Despite Mesbahzadeh’s 2006 death in California, Keyhan London is still published and is in circulation. Recognized journalists and critics of the Islamic Republic such as Alireza Noorizadeh, Sadr el’Din Elahi, and Hadi Khorsandi routinely contribute to the paper.